The Environmental Protection Authority (Te Mana Rauhī Taiao) is a government agency New Zealand. It is an environmental regulator. The name had been in use since 2009, applying to a unit of the Ministry for the Environment responsible for administering a section of the Resource Management Act applying to potential developments (or proposals) of national significance.
The Environmental Protection Authority began operations on 1 July 2011 under its own Act, the Environmental Protection Authority Act 2011. The Act required the EPA to contribute to the effective and transparent management of New Zealand's environment and natural and physical resources, and enable New Zealand to meet its international obligations.
The EPA has responsibilities, functions, duties and powers under six other Acts:
· Resource Management Act 1991
· Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996
· Ozone Layer Protection Act 1996
· Climate Change Response Act 2002
· Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects) Act 2012
· Imports and Exports (Restrictions) Act 1988 and Imports and Exports (Restrictions) Prohibition Order (No. 2) 2004.
Government agencies for the protection and conservation of natural and built resources in New South Wales have existed since the appointment of the first Minister for Conservation, the Hon. Captain Bill Dunn, MLA in 1946.
The Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (DECCW) was formed following the merger of the Environment Protection Authority, the National Parks and Wildlife Service, the Botanic Gardens Trust, and Resource NSW. This agency contained the Office of Water, which was formed from the New South Wales Department of Water and Energy, formed in 2007 and dissolved in 2009; other parts and responsibilities of the Department of Water and Energy were transferred to the Division of Minerals and Energy in Industry & Investment New South Wales. At previous times DECCW was known as the Department of Environment and Conservation and the Department of Environment and Climate Change (DECC).
Academic institutions now offer courses, such as environmental studies, environmental management and environmental engineering, that teach the history and methods of environment protection. Protection of the environment is needed due to various human activities.ref. Waste production, air pollution, and loss of biodiversity (resulting from the introduction of invasive species and species extinction) are some of the issues related to environmental protection.
Environmental protection is influenced by three interwoven factors: environmental legislation, ethics and education. Each of these factors plays its part in influencing national-level environmental decisions and personal-level environmental values and behaviors. For environmental protection to become a reality, it is important for societies to develop each of these areas that, together, will inform and drive environmental decisions.
... serious, as shown by the fact that 13,013 people were arrested for impairing environmental resources and there were 47,350 convictions for environmental law violations from January 2015 to June, 2018, which shows the authorities' determination to protect the Yangtze River....
The inspectors said that local authorities behaved improperly in project approval ... Local authorities also failed to contain nearshore pollution and protect the marine ecology, with lack of supervision in some polluted areas ... Environmentalprotection has been high on the agenda of the Chinese government, with authorities stepping up efforts to punish those who violate environmental laws ...